This analysis was based on a 2016 dataset from the New York City Department of Correction. During that period, the average daily jail population was approximately 9,800 on a given day, with approximately 40 percent of the population held pretrial on violent felony charges, 32 percent held pretrial on nonviolent felony charges, 11 percent held pretrial on misdemeanor and violation-level charges, and 18 percent held as sentenced, on technical parole violations, and transfer to state custody (numbers do not add up to 100 percent because of rounding). Although New York City’s current daily jail population has dropped below 9,000 people over the past year, the overall distribution of charges is approximately the same as in 2016. If all pretrial nonviolent felonies, misdemeanors, and violations were no longer held in jail, all sentenced misdemeanors were no longer held in jail, and the majority of open warrants for misdemeanor and other low-level charges were resolved without the use of jail, the overall jail population in New York City would decrease by almost one-half. Sentenced misdemeanors were included in the analysis because many enter into the jail as a result of having bail set or taking a plea to a jail sentence at arraignment because bail was likely to be set otherwise. If bail reform eliminated bail for misdemeanor charges, most individuals currently serving a misdemeanor jail sentence at Rikers Island would no longer face a jail sentence on a low-level charge. Similarly, cases which currently have another “hold,” such as an open warrant for another misdemeanor charge, were included in the analysis as bail reform would eliminate the need for bail or jail as a response to an open warrant or multiple low-level charges.