Mississippi is experiencing an incarceration crisis, driven by its reliance on long sentences. The recent deaths in prisons across Mississippi have laid bare the urgent need for reforms aimed at immediately decreasing the state’s dangerously high prison population. Both Louisiana and Oklahoma, formerly ranked above Mississippi as the two top imprisoning states, have advanced multi-year criminal justice reforms aimed at reducing sentences and prison terms that have shown marked success in bringing prison populations down. As states across the country take strides to safely reduce the number of people under correctional control, Mississippi’s adherence to failed policies like extreme sentences is directly responsible for a prison population so large that the state is unable to safely house and supervise the nearly 20,000 people in its care and custody. As a result, Mississippi’s imprisonment rate (652 people in prison per 100,000 population1) has surpassed Oklahoma’s (625 per 100,000 population2), pushing Mississippi into the #2 spot in the country. Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana are among the large and growing cohort of high imprisonment states to see significant prison population declines and all three attribute success to implementing sentencing, parole, and commutation reforms.